Explosive Remnants of War
Demining Techniques

The definition of the term Explosive Remnants of WAR (ERW) can be found in Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCCW), namely, in Protocol V. ERW are defined as unexploded ordnance and abandoned explosive ordnance.

Unexploded Ordnance means ‘’explosive ordnances (bombs, shells, mortars, grenades etc.) that has been primed, fused, armed or otherwise prepared for the use and used in and armed conflict. It may have been fired, dropped, launched or projected and should have exploded but failed to do so. Failure rates may be as low as 1 or 2 per cent, or as high as 30 to 40 per cent, depending on a range of factors, such as the age of weapon, its storage conditions, the methods of use and environmental conditions.

Abandoned Explosive Ordnance means explosive ordnance that has not been used during an armed conflict, that has been left behind or dumped by a party to an armed conflict, and which is no longer under control of the party that left it behind or dumped it. Abandoned explosive ordnance may or may not have been primed, fused armed, armed or otherwise prepared for use. 


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