About Mine Clearance
Demining Projects Results in SE Europe
Technical Survey Projects Results in SE Europe
Mine Clearance Projects Outside SE Europe

Humanitarian mine clerance includes activities that lead to the removal of mine and UXO hazards, including technical survey, mapping, clearance, marking, post-clearance documentation and handover of cleared land.

Clearance operations make use of three main methods: 
- Manual clearance relies on trained deminers using metal detectors and long thin prodders to locate the mines, which are then destroyed by controlled explosion;  
- Mine detection dogs, which detect the presence of explosives in the ground by smell. Dogs are used in combination with manual deminers;  
- Mechanical clearance using machinery, including flails, rollers, vegetation cutters and excavators, often attached to armored bulldozers, to destroy the mines in the ground. These machines can only be used when the terrain is suitable, and are expensive to operate. In most situations they are also not 100% reliable, and the work needs to be checked by other techniques.

 Effective landmine clearance programs usually combine several methods.  ITF supports mine clearance using the most appropriate and cost-effective methods for each specific project.

 Advances in technology have been made in recent years, both in mine detection systems and in mechanical means for destroying mines in place. However, in many situations manual clearance remains the preferred method, for reasons both of cost and reliability.

The actual clearance operations may be carried out by national civilian agencies, military units that agree to take part in humanitarian operations, national or international NGOs or commercial organizations.

© 2012 ITF Enhancing Human Security |